5G – Impact On Municipalities

5G Impact on Municipalities

5G is a critical technology that will reach into many areas of social life and the economy. In the future, municipalities will be able to implement supply and administrative services more effectively and efficiently with the help of 5G: Whether parking space management, local public transport, health care – 5G can offer a solution to many of the current challenges.

The introduction of 5G brings innovations in terms of possible applications for users and offers significant innovations in terms of its technical architecture. The existing network of cell phone sites is primarily used to expand the 5G networks.

The new 5G standard is based on the fast data connections of 4G / LTE. Still, it will be significantly more potent about transmitting large amounts of data, real-time information, and networking of many devices. For the first time, a new cellular standard is being introduced with 5G, which can be technically linked directly to the previous bar. Against this background, the ongoing LTE network expansion is vital for the later 5G expansion. 

The focus of the 5G expansion will initially be where more capacity and bandwidth are urgently required, e.g., in heavily frequented locations such as city centers, sports stadiums, or airports. Additional locations will also be necessary there. In addition to supply via macrocells, 5G uses so-called small cells, especially in metropolitan areas, to eliminate capacity bottlenecks and close individual smaller supply gaps. This will mean that the necessary cell phone sites will have to be brought closer to the users. Like the macrocells, the small cells also require a powerful connection to fiber-optic networks. With the development of 5G networks, new requirements are placed on the expansion of fiber optic networks simultaneously; these are a crucial component for fast 5G transmissions.

The densification of locations necessary for the 5G expansion presents the mobile network operators with new challenges from a technical and economic perspective. Compliance with the requirements of the Federal Network Agency about the locations, as well as cost-effectiveness when developing mobile phone locations, is a factor that should not be underestimated. The standards described in the Federal Immission Control Ordinance for municipal coordination of mobile radio locations (Section 7a, 26th BImSchV.) Continue to apply.

The Federal Government emphasizes that the establishment of mobile phone coverage is in the interests of the telecommunications providers. Still, municipalities or districts could accelerate the expansion and increase the degree of content through coordinated action. 

If the development of fiber optic networks or other infrastructure construction projects is being planned, advantages can also be achieved for the modernization of mobile communications. Insofar as it is the municipality’s responsibility, the federal government recommends interpreting the building planning and building regulations for the creation of new mobile radio sites in such a way that permits for a private broadband expansion are issued quickly.

 Municipalities can also actively seek funding programs from the EU, the federal government, and the federal states. Rapid implementation of the requirements from the “Law to facilitate the expansion of high-speed digital networks “(DigiNetz-Gesetz) could drive the development of the infrastructure. For example, municipalities can provide passive network infrastructures – including traffic lights and street lamps – for small cells; for example, The shared use of the existing carrier infrastructure will play a central role, especially road infrastructure that already has power connections, such as traffic lights and street lamps, can be used cost-effectively for the expansion of small cells. For example, municipalities can provide passive network infrastructures – including traffic lights and street lamps – for small cells.

When setting up small cell networks in city centers, the shared use of the existing carrier infrastructure will play a central role. In particular, road infrastructure that already has electricity connections, such as B. traffic lights and street lamps, can be used cost-effectively to expand small cells. For example, municipalities can provide passive network infrastructures – including traffic lights and street lamps – for small cells. 

When setting up small cell networks in city centers, the shared use of the existing carrier infrastructure will play a central role. In particular, road infrastructure that already has electricity connections, such as B. traffic lights and street lamps, can be used cost-effectively to expand small cells. Traffic lights and street lights can be used cost-effectively to develop small cells. Traffic lights and street lights can be used cost-effectively to expand small cells.

Also Read: What Are Big Data: Concrete Examples Of Everyday Life

Initially, a separate antenna was required for each cellular service to provide the signal for the customers – for example, an antenna for the 2G network (GSM) or another for the successor 3G (UMTS). Because each of these services uses different frequency bands, this has led to the number of antennas increasing. Modern multiband antennas can transmit on several frequencies simultaneously in a single housing and thus serve several standards. Depending on the application, 5G will require its own, in some cases more significant, antennas or, if necessary, can be integrated into multiband antennas.

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